Like other European countries, one of the main reasons that e-invoicing has been established in Poland is to prevent tax fraud, although this is only the latest of several precautions the country has already taken. As of now, Poland has already implemented monthly VAT reporting, electronic financial analysis, and an online fiscal cash register system for monitoring transactions (in the retail sector). Now, with the introduction of electronic invoicing, Poland will be one step closer to eliminating VAT tax fraud.
B2G e-invoicing is already mandatory in Poland. All public authorities must be able to receive e-invoices via the country’s national e-invoicing platform, the PEF. The PEF is used for B2G e-invoicing between private companies and government entities in public procurement. Public authority suppliers are not required to submit their invoices electronically, but many suppliers opt to do this voluntarily by choosing a service provider that serves as a PEPPOL Access Point, such as TIE Kinetix.
The PEF was first introduced in 2019 and since then, all sub-central Polish public entities are required to register on this platform in order to be able to recieve e-invoices. The PEF supports the sending and receiving of e-invoices, as well as other transactional documents in a standardized XML format. The platform consists of two PEPPOL Access Points implemented by service providers.
In Poland, B2B e-invoicing transactions have been allowed but voluntary since the beginning of 2022 and will only become required as of January of 2024. The EU has granted Poland provisional permission to impose mandatory B2B e-invoicing between January of 2024 and December of 2026. The B2B e-invoicing process in Poland is called the KSeF, or National System of e-Invoices.
The requirement to send and receive structured e-invoices will not apply to foreign entities in Poland, nor to entities that do not have a permanent establishment but rather are registered purely for VAT purposes in Poland. These taxpayers can continue to issue invoices based on the existing rules (either electronically or in paper form), and voluntary electronic invoicing via KSeF will remain possible for them.
Poland uses the standard format and PEPPOL BIS Billing 3.0. Given that invoices are compliant with EN16931 and PEPPOL BIS Billing 3.0, all registered Polish public entities should be able to receive electronic invoices from other PEPPOL-connected entities.
How to process and exchange e-invoices in Poland
Taxpayers need an ERP system that combines their financial records with the KSeF portal through the PEPPOL-certified API to process and exchange e-invoices in Poland.
In connection with these changes, all companies in Poland will be required to use e-invoicing solutions for their transactions as of January 2024. Until then, e-invoicing is voluntary in Poland, meaning that it can only be used if both supplier and seller agree.
After this period, e-invoicing will become mandatory in Poland.
For additional information regarding e-invoicing in Poland, you can find more details here.